Tokugawa Japan was an urban society.
In the 1600s, the population of cities grew, their areas expanded, and a vibrant urban culture developed. Chōnin (city dwellers) were among the best clients for publishing houses and city maps and city landscape prints became popular.
Edo was an especially common subject, in light of its role as the Tokugawa capital and of its exceptional growth, but other cities such as Kyoto and Osaka were also frequently represented.
City maps usually provided information about businesses, tourist spots, local festivals, travel routes, and even local VIPs, such as important samurai.